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Glossary

This resource will be updated regularly, so if there are any other definitions that you think would be useful here, please let us know.

Ancient woodland

Ancient woodland, usually defined as land that has been continually wooded since at least 1600AD, is the jewel in our woodland crown. They are our richest sites for wildlife and support a huge range of wildlife (including more threatened species than any other UK habitat). Ancient woods are also some of our prettiest woodlands, some have carpets of bluebells, wood anemones and celandines in spring.

Sadly, nearly 50 per cent of the ancient woodland that survived until the 1930s has since been lost or damaged by agriculture or development. Most of ancient woodland we have left is fragmented and nearly 50 per cent of ancient woods are less than 5 hectares (13 acres). Netherhouse Copse and Jack Reid’s Copse off Hitches Lane west of Fleet are both Ancient Woodlands and  SINCs.

Biodiversity

This is a term commonly used to describe the variety of life on Earth, encompassing the whole of the natural world and all living things with which we share the planet. It includes plants, animals, even invisible micro-organisms and bacteria which, together, interact in complex ways with the inanimate environment to create living ecosystems.

Conservation Area

An area of special architectural or historic interest the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance. Historic areas of distinctive quality and character have a strong sense of place and provide continuity and stability in a rapidly changing world. Much of Crookham Village and the Basingstoke Canal are Conservation Areas and require that special permission be given before making any changes to boundaries, buildings or trees.

Green and Pleasant Land

Apparently they have stopped making this, so we will not get any more…

LDF: Local Development Framework

now known as the Local Plan

The Local Plan is a collection of documents produced by the local planning authority (here Hart District Council) which collectively form the spatial planning strategy for its area. The core strategy within the Local Plan sets out the vision, strategic objectives and delivery strategy for achieving these. In English, this is the plan that defines where and how many houses are to be built. Until now, this has been a draft.

NPPF: National Planning Policy Framework

This is the UK government planning guidance document published in March 2012. It simplifies red tape in planning procedures, especially for developers. There are a number of hot topics in the document that are still being assessed, like the real definition of Sustainable Development. The clear interpretation of the NPPF is important and will have a great affect on future development across the UK. It will define our legacy. The NPPF requires that Hart have an LDF in place by 27 March 2013.

SANG: Suitable Alternative Natural Greenspace

SANGs are areas of exisiting open space that have been identified for enhancement so that they can be made more accessible and attractive to visitors. The hope is that by providing alternative areas for the general public to use for outdoor recreation (including dog walking), it will help lessen the impact on the Thames Basin Heaths SPA as new households can use the SANG instead of the protected heathland.

SINC: Site of Interest to Nature Conservation

Hampshire has a wealth of wildlife habitats including heathland, ancient woodland, chalk rivers, old meadows and wetlands. A site may also qualify if it supports a rich assemblage of species.  To help safeguard these sites for the future, they are being identified and recorded as SINCs. These are generally administered by local authorities in partnership with conservation organisations.  All sites are assessed against detailed criteria developed by Hampshire County Council, Natural England and the Hampshire & Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust. In Hampshire this system supports over 3,700 sites (9% of Hampshire’s land area) which contributes significantly to delivering both UK and Hampshire Biodiveristy Action Plan targets.

SPA: Special Protection Area

SPAs are areas which have been identified as being of international importance for the breeding, feeding, wintering or the migration of rare and vulnerable species of birds found within European Union countries. They are European designated sites, classified under the ‘Birds Directive 1979’ which provides enhanced protection given by the Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) status all SPAs also hold. Hart’s Thames Basin Heath SPA is home to three rare species of ground nesting birds – the Dartford Warbler, Nightjar and Woodlark.

SSSI: Site of Speicial Scientific Interest

SSSIs are the country’s very best wildlife and geological sites. They include some of the most spectacular and beautiful habitats; wetlands teeming with wading birds, winding chalk rivers, flower-rich meadows, windswept shingle beaches and remote upland peat bogs. There are over 4,100 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in England, covering around 8% of the country’s land area. More than 70% of these sites (by area) are internationally important for their wildlife.